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what you need to know about PMs & pmdd

PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome) and PMDD (Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder) are both related to the menstrual cycle and can cause various physical and emotional symptoms in some individuals. However, they differ in terms of severity, symptoms, and treatment approaches.

what is pms?

PMS refers to a set of physical, emotional, and behavioral symptoms that many people experience in the days or weeks leading up to their menstrual period.


  • Mood swings
  • Irritability
  • Breast tenderness
  • Bloating
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Changes in appetite
  • Difficulty sleeping
PMS symptoms can be uncomfortable, but they usually don’t interfere significantly with daily activities. Lifestyle changes, such as maintaining a balanced diet, regular exercise, stress reduction, and getting enough sleep, can often help manage PMS symptoms. In some cases, over-the-counter pain relievers or anti-inflammatory medications may also be used to alleviate discomfort.

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD):

PMDD is a more severe and less common condition that also occurs before menstruation. However, the symptoms of PMDD are more intense and can significantly impact a person’s ability to function in their daily life. 

Symptoms of PMDD may include:

  • Severe mood swings
  • Intense irritability and anger
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Fatigue
  • Trouble concentrating

The key distinction between PMDD and regular PMS is the severity of emotional and psychological symptoms. PMDD symptoms can be so intense that they interfere with work, school, relationships, and other aspects of life.

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    management options:

    Treatment approaches for PMS and PMDD can vary based on the severity of symptoms and an individual’s specific needs. Here’s how they are typically managed:

    PMS Treatment:

    For PMS, lifestyle modifications can often help manage symptoms effectively. These may include maintaining a balanced diet rich in complex carbohydrates, regular exercise, stress reduction techniques (such as meditation or yoga), and ensuring adequate sleep. Over-the-counter pain relievers or anti-inflammatory medications can be used to alleviate physical discomfort.

    PMDD Treatment:

    PMDD typically requires more intensive treatment. This can include a combination of lifestyle changes, psychotherapy (talk therapy), and medications. Antidepressants, specifically selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), are commonly prescribed to alleviate mood symptoms associated with PMDD. Hormonal treatments, such as birth control pills, may also be considered to regulate hormonal fluctuations that contribute to PMDD symptoms.

    It’s important for individuals experiencing severe premenstrual symptoms to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan tailored to their specific needs.

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