Fibroids (Leiomyoma) are abnormal fibrous tissue growths that occur in the uterus. They are fairly common, occurring in women as young as early 20s through menopause. It is believed that 1 in 3 women have fibroids. Many women are not aware that they have them as they do not have symptoms. Fibroids are not cancerous but can be life threatening if they cause excessive bleeding or get large enough to cause obstruction of the ureters which in turn can cause kidney failure.
You may have fibroids if you have:-
Bleeding between menses
Abnormal vaginal discharge
Fibroids are diagnosed by pelvic ultrasound and physical examination. Ultrasound or sonogram is an imaging study that uses sound waves to visualize internal organs such as the uterus, ovaries and bladder.
Treatment for fibroids depends on symptoms and the goals of the patient. Diet and lifestyle changes may minimize symptoms. Medications that affect hormone levels can may reduce the size of fibroids and curb bleeding. Surgeries such as mysosure, myomectomy and hysterectomy are performed depending on fertility goals and life choices.
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